__ | _John BROWN _________| | (1312 - ....) | | |__ | | |--John BROWN | (1349 - ....) | __ | | |_Mrs BROWN __________| (1315 - ....) | |__
_Johann Adam KNOLL ______+ | (1778 - 1826) m 1808 _Johann Adam KNOLL __________| | (1813 - ....) m 1836 | | |_Anne Margarethe SCHODT _+ | m 1808 | |--Johann Nikolaus KNOLL I | | _________________________ | | |_Katherine Elizabeth APPELL _| m 1836 | |_________________________
_John George NICKLAS ___ | (1806 - 1884) m 1833 _John NICKLAS _______| | (1839 - 1914) m 1870| | |_Anna Catharine BETSCH _ | (1809 - 1889) m 1833 | |--George Henry NICKLAS | (1874 - 1884) | ________________________ | | |_Amelia KREUTZ ______| (1843 - 1899) m 1870| |________________________
Line 13 dwelling 389
Nicholis, John age 40 OCC: Farming IL GER GER
Amelia 37 GER GER GER
Wilemina 9 WI IL GER
Matilda 7 same
Geo 5 "
Amelia 3 "
John 5/12 "
_William ROGERS _____ | (1510 - 1553) _William ROGERS _____| | (1540 - ....) | | |_Joan _______________ | (.... - 1553) | |--Thomas ROGERS | (1572 - 1621) | _____________________ | | |_Eleanor ____________| | |_____________________
5 March 2004
Today I am writing to you about our Pilgrim ancestor who came to America on a ship called the Mayflower.
The story of Thomas Rogers.
Thomas Rogers was a camlet merchant in Watford, Northampton, England. Camlet is a fabric made of wool and silk. He had a wife, Alice Cosford, and a number of children including his eldest son Joseph, who came with him to America, and a younger son and two daughters who came to America later. Thomas was a Puritan.
The Puritans were a group of Christians living in England. They did not want to go to the King's church and worship the way the king told them to. They believed they should follow the teachings of the Bible. They wanted to "purify" the Church of England and that is how they came by their name. Other peolpe called them "Separatists" because they wanted to separate from the Church of England. The king did not like it that the Puritans would not go to his church and so he was always trying to catch them worshipping somewhere other than his church, and if he caught them doing it, he put them in jail or sometimes he even hanged them. King James was making life so unpleasant for the Puritans that a group of them sneaked away across the English Channel to the country of Holland. This group of Puritans was called the Leiden Separatists, because they lived in the Dutch city of Leiden. Our ancestor Thomas Rogers and his family were part of the Leiden Separtists.
I found a very nice story about these people on the internet. It is here:
I think you would like it.
So Thomas and his family went to Leiden to live. There they couldn't farm as they had done in England because they didn't have any land. So they went to work in the woolen mills, making cloth. It was very hard work but they didn't mind. As the years passed by, however, they found their children speaking Dutch and wanting to wear fancy clothes as the Dutch did rather than the simple garments of their parents. So after 12 years they decided to go to the new world they had heard about across the sea. Only a few could go at first, so they chose 35 hearty people plus their two leaders, William Bradford and William Brewster. Then they had to take a bunch of other English people because they didn't have enough money for a ship all their own so some of the people who paid for the ship got to say who would go. 102 people were aboard the Mayflower when it finally left for America on September 6, 1920. Two people died on the voyage but two others were born so they still had 102 when they got to America and picked a place to land on December 16, 1620.
Before they got off the boat in America at a place called Plymouth Rock all the men got together and had a meeting. The Puritans were a little bit afraid that the others in the group, whom they called "Strangers", would not cooperate and work nicely with them once they got on shore so they wrote out an agreement and they called it the Mayflower Compact. I copied it here so you can read it.
THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT
"In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord, King James, by the Grace of God, of England, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, e&. Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith, and the Honour of our King and Country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the northern parts of Virginia; do by these presents, solemnly and mutually in the Presence of God and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick, for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid; And by Virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the General good of the Colony; unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In Witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape Cod the eleventh of November, in the Reign of our Sovereign Lord, King James of England, France and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini, 1620."
There followed the signatures of 41 of the 102 passengers, 37 of whom were members of the "Separatists" and among them was our forefather Thomas Rogers. It became the first law in Plymouth Colony and the basis of the town meetings in New England that survive til this day.
The first winter in the new world was VERY difficult for the pilgrims. They now called themselves pilgrims because of their perilous journey. They didn't have enough food, the work was exhausting and the winter weather was like nothing they had experienced in England or Holland. 52 members of the community died that first winter, including 14 of the 18 mothers in the group. Unfortunately, Thomas was among those that perished that winter. But his son, Joseph, survived for many many years.
Now here's how you are related to Thomas Rogers. Thomas was the father of Joseph Rogers. Joseph Rogers fathered Elizabeth Rogers. Elizabeth was the mother of Elisha Higgins. Elisha begat Jonathan Higgins. Jonathan had Philip Higgins. Philip was the father of Hannah Higgins. Hannah had Charles Stevens. Charles sired Edmund Stevens. Edmund fathered Harold Stevens. Harold had your grandpa, Paul Stevens. Paul and Granny had your mama, Dawne Stevens. Dawne married your daddy and had - Becky, Hannah, Tim, and Sarah! There are twelve generations from Thomas to you, counting Thomas as one and you as twelve. Or you could just say he's your great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandfather.
From Ancestry.com, Biographical Summary by Frankewell
Thomas Rogers was born in Watford, Northampton, England, the son of William and Eleanor Rogers. He married Alice Cosford in 1597. All his children were baptized and/or buried in Watford. He brought his wife and family to Leiden, Holland, where he became a citizen of Leiden on 25 June 1618, where he is called a camlet merchant.On 1 April 1620, he sold his house on Barbarasteeg for 300 guilders, apparently in preparation for his voyage on the Mayflower. He came on the Mayflower with eldest son Joseph, leaving behind in Leiden his son John, daughters Elizabeth and Margaret, and wife Alice. Thomas Rogers died the first winter at Plymouth, leaving behind his 18-year old son Joseph. His wife and children that were left behind in Leiden are found in the 1622 poll tax of Leiden, and were termed "poor people" and "without means". Children Elizabeth and Margaret apparently came to New England later, but where they lived or who they married remain unknown. Son John came to Plymouth about 1630, and there married Anna Churchman, on 16 April 1639.
Another account of Thomas Rogers is from Jane Wile's website http://genejane.com She says Thomas was one of the Separatists and explains that he had been a camlet Merchant. Camlet is a satiny fabric of silk and wool.
Thomas Rogers was a camlet merchant. He bought a house on the Barbarasteeg in Leiden by 1617, having joined the English Separatists there in or after 1613, and he became a citizen of Leiden on 25 June 1618. He sold his house on April 1620, probably to prepare for removal to America. In the fall of 1620 he and his son Joseph sailed on the Mayflower and he was the eighteenth signer of the Mayflower Compact on 11 November 1620. Alice and the other children remained in Leiden, apparently expecting to join Thomas and Joseph later; they were still there in 1622, living in the home of Anthony Clements. Of the four surviving children, only his sons Joseph and John have so far been documented in New England records
_Unknown WHITE ______ | _Andrew WHITE _______| | (1800 - 1863) m 1833| | |_____________________ | | |--Matthew WHITE | (1844 - ....) | _____________________ | | |_Matilda O'NEIL _____| (1807 - 1861) m 1833| |_____________________
Andrew and Matilda's third son, Matthew enlisted in the army along with two sons of Robert White, Samuel and Robert, and Josephine Bonhotal's brother, Henry. The three served in I Company of the 96th Illinois Infantry. Matthew received a Distinguished Service commendation. Soon after the War ended Samuel and his brother Matthew married two local girls of French parentage who lived next door to one another. They may have been related on their mother's sides. Samuel married Josephine Mougin in September of 1865 and Matthew married Harriet Bonhotal in October 1865. I have found Harriet's named spelled many different ways, some of them extremely creative. I think this one is right. The 1870 census shows Matthew and Harriet living in Boone County, Iowa with two small children, Louisa J. and Ruben H. By 1880 they are back in Jo Daviess County, Rice, with children Rosie (same age as Louisa should be), Rubie, and Gerty. They are listed on the Census index, but the actual image is not available on Ancestry or FamilySearch. However the index shows them living next door to Harriet's mother, Catherine "Bonhotell" on one side and the Augustus and Catherine Mougin family on the other side. The Mougins are the parents of JosephineWhite, wife of Matthew's brother Samuel. Matthew's son Ruben married and moved to Pennsylvania.
The 1850 census shows daughter Mary age 6 (b. abt 1844). It does not show a Matthew.
The 1860 census shows son Matthew age 16 (b. abt 1844). It does not show a Mary.
Andrews Estate papers list Matthew White but not Mary White.
The Family Search listing shows Mary but not Matthew,
Andrew's will spells "Matthew"
1860 Census spells "Mathew"
American Civil War Soldiers (on Ancestry.com)
Matthew White , Residence: Elizabeth, Illinois Enlistment Date: 05 August 1862 Distinguished Service: DISTINGUISHED SERVICE
Side Served: Union
State Served: Illinois
Unit Numbers: 423 423
Service Record: Enlisted as a Private on 05 August 1862Enlisted in Company I, 96th Infantry Regiment Illinois on 04 September 1862.Mustered out Company I, 96th Infantry Regiment Illinoison 10 June 1865 in Nashville, TN
Source: The Union Army, vol. 3
Fought on 22 September 1862 at Chattanooga, TN.
Fought on 14 April 1863 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 14 July 1863.
Fought on 18 September 1863 at Chickamauga, GA.
Fought on 20 September 1863 at Chickamauga, GA.
Fought on 24 November 1863 at Lookout Valley, TN.
Fought on 25 November 1863.
Fought on 25 February 1864 at Dalton, GA.
Fought on 06 May 1864 at Rocky Face Ridge, GA.
Fought on 09 May 1864 at Rocky Face Ridge, GA.
Fought on 14 May 1864.
Fought on 14 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.
Fought on 30 May 1864 at Dallas, GA.
Fought on 13 June 1864.
Fought on 20 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.
Fought on 23 June 1864 at Kenesaw Mountain, GA.
Fought on 24 June 1864.
Fought on 02 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 19 August 1864 at Atlanta, GA.
Fought on 02 September 1864 at Lovejoy Station, GA.
Fought on 16 December 1864 at Nashville, TN.
The 1880 census - record from Family Search - original image is not viewable. From the Family Search record matthew and Harriet are living next door to Catherine Bonhotell, Harriet's mother, now a widow. Beyond Catherine Bonhotell is the family of Augustus Mougin, birth family of Matthew's brother, Samuel D's, wife Josephine Mougin. See note about 1860 census under Harriet Bonhotell.
Line 26 Dwelling # 4388 Family # 4553
Andrew White 60 Male Farmer Value real est - 1000 pers est - 790 born Ireland
William L. 20 m farmhand Ills
Samuel D. 19m" "
Martha J. 18 f domestic "
Mathew 16 m farm Hand " Attends school
Ann E. 14f"
Mathew White age 26 farmer b. Illinois
Harriet M. 24 "
Louisa J. 3 "
Ruben H. 1 "
White, Matthew age 35 Farmer b. IL father b. Ireland mother b. Ireland
Harriet 28 wife IL France France
Rosie 13 Dau IL IL IL
Rubie 11 son IL IL IL
Gerty 2 dau IL IL IL
 This information is from the census posting on FamilySearch.com. The link to the original did not work right.
Line 10 Dwelling # 1727 Family # 1781
Andrew White age 50 male Farmer value real est. - $1000 born Ireland
Matilda " 43 f "
William L. " 11 m Ills
Samuel D."9 m "
Martha J."8 f "
Mary"6 f "
Ann E."4 f "
John Fitzpatrick 94 m " Ireland
 Though this census shows "Mary female age 6" it is really Matthew, male, age 6.
_____________________ | _George WYLLYS Governor_| | (1589 - 1644) | | |_____________________ | | |--Samuel WYLLYS | | _William YOUNG ______ | | (1562 - ....) |_Bridget YOUNG _________| (1580 - 1628) | |_Mary BONNER ________+ (1560 - ....)
Samuel Wyllys was one of the Magistrates at the trial of Nathaniel Greensmith who was married to Rebecca. Nathaniel and Rebecca were both haned for witchcraft in Hartford Connecticut on or about 23 Jan, 1662-3.
from Hartford's Witches
from the Colonial History of Hartford on Ancestry.com
The indictment reads: "Nathaniel Greensmith, thou art here indicted by the name of Nathaniel Greensmith for not having the feare of God before thine eyes; thou hast entertained familiarity with Satan, the grand Enemy of God and Mankind, and by his help hast acted things in a preter naturall way beyond human abilities in a naturall course, for which according to ye Law of God and ye established laws of this Commonwealth thou deserveth to die." The form of the information, used in the Superior Court for many years, assigned all crimes to the instigation of the Devil. The magistrates at this trial were as follows: Mr. [Mathew] Allyn, moderator, Mr. [Samuel] Wyllys, Mr. [Richard] Treat, Mr. [Henry] Woolcot, Danll Clark, See., Mr. Jo. Allyn. The jury were: Edw. Griswold, Walter Ffiler, Ensign [Nicholas] Olmstead, Samll Boreman, Good-[Gregory] Winterton, John Cowles, Samll Marshall, Samll Hale, Nathanill Willet, John Hart, John Wadsworth, Robert Webster. The execution of criminals then devolved upon the Marshal, who was Jonathan Gilbert. One of the accused is said to have seen this worthy official in a dream, which seemed to presage the end. He was the first of three appointed to settle Greensmith's estate. Jonathan Gilbert succeeded Thomas Stanton in this office, and was followed by George Grave.