Husband: Enoch Barrett (1)
Cause of Death: Accidental gunshot wound. The loaded gun he was leaning on was hit by a horeshoe while he watched a game of horseshoes.
Buried: Weston Cemetery, Elizabeth, Jo Daviess, Illinois
Enoch and Ellen had just been married six months. They were at a social gathering. Elleh was in the kitchen with the womenfolk. Enoch was out in the yard pitching horseshoes with the menfolk. Ellen paused in her work to look at her husband through the window. He was standing to the side learning with his rifle propped under his chin. A stray horseshoe came zinging his way. It hit the loaded rifle causing it to fire. Ellen came running from the kitchen. She had seen the whole thing. She cradled his dying head in her dish towel but it was obvious to all that nothing could be done to save Enoch. He died very quickly. But Ellen was five months pregnant and in January gave birth to their son, Enoch Barrett, Jr.
Buried: West Ella Highland Cemetery, Apple River, Jo Daviess, Illinois 19
Immigration: about 1854, Illinois from Isle of Man, England
The Ellen Faragher Story
14 October 2005
Tonight I am writing to you about Ellen Faragher. Ellen was a pioneer woman who was strong and brave. She endured a lot of hardship in her life and met it head on, leaving her descendants a legacy of courage in the face of life's disasters, as well as a more material legacy.
Ellen was born on the Isle of Man, an island in the Irish Sea between England and Ireland. She was christened at Patrick, a small village near Peel, on December 26, 1836. Ellen was the 10th child and 8th daughter of a prosperous farm family, William and Ann Kelly Faragher. I say prosperous because they lived in a large beautiful home that even had a name, Ballacooil. We have a picture of it. Though Ellen was the 8th daughter, she didn't have seven sisters to greet her birth. One sister, Ellinor, born in May of 1836, only lived for seven months. You may think it strange that a family would name a baby so closely to another who had died, but this practice was quite common in earlier times. In fact Ellen may have been named Ellinor. In her father's will, he refers to Ellen as "Ellinor."
We don't know very much about Ellen's life in Isle of Man before she came to America. Her granddaughter, Helen Romppainen, was fond of telling that the folk of this island were rugged and independent people. One story Helen remembered of her grandmother was that as a young girl Ellen helped the women with the wash and spread the clothes on the rocks to dry. I always imagined this to be right on the shore of the ocean. In the photo we have of Ellen's childhood home, over on the left edge, we can see something very blue that looks like the ocean.
I want to tell you a few of the things I've learned about this Isle of Man place where Ellen was born. In ancient times Isle of Man was home to people called the Celts. The name of the island is from the a Celtic word for Neptune, Mannanan. The Vikings wreacked havoc on the island in the early 800's. During the 900's they sent settlers and the Isle came under the rule of the Scandinavian kings of Dublin. At that time Man was ruled as part of the Sudreys which are all the little islands west of Scotland from the Hebrides south to Isle of Man. In 1275 Scotland won control of the isle. For the next century or so it went back and forth from Scottish control to English. But by 1406 it was in English hands and stayed there. Something very interesting happened that year. King Henry IV of England gave the island to Sir John Stanley and his heirs on the condition that they send two falcons to every king of England upon his coronation. Why is that interesting? That is the very same Sir John Stanley that is in our family tree on the Derrick line. He was one of our ancestors! Sir John did some good things for IOM. He ordered laws to be written down. He began the practise of trail by jury, rather than trial by battle. And he curbed the power of the church. We'll learn more about him on another day.
Through the years IOM had some good rulers and some bad. During a period when the peoples' rights to their land were not being respected many on the island turned to fishing and smuggling for their livelihoods, a leaning which lasted for a century or more. Today IOM has a vigorous tourist industry and is known as a tax haven. It's very famous for its motorcycle races which we have watched on our TV in Wisconsin. The native language of the Isle of Man in called Manx. The last native speaker of Manx died in the 1970's, but it is now being taught in some schools. Do you think our Ellen spoke Manx? Perhaps. All the farms have names with lots of l's and vowels. I'll bet they are from the Manx language. The Faragher's farm was named "Ballacooil."
The story of how Ellen came to America shows how tough and independent she was. Here is an account of this journey in a letter from her daughter, Lizzie, to Helen in 1962.
"Mother came from England when she was 18 yrs. old. It took 7 weeks to make the voyage from Peel, Isle of Mann, England, to Elizabeth, Illinois by train, stage, and boat. While on the sea she witnessed several deaths and burials of passengers. They would have a short service then lower the bodies by ropes into the deep waters. When she got to Galena (Illinois) she had no way to get to Elizabeth, so she walked those miles to her sister's home and stayed there until she was married to Enoch Barrett in April 1857."
Can you imagine the courage it took for a young girl of just 18 to come to America all by herself in the first place, and then to walk the last 15 miles all by herself through the forest, carrying all her gear with her? We have a beautiful piece of hand woven cloth which she brought with her on that journey from the Isle of Man.
Why she came to America is also interesting. Aunt Dorothy in her letters to the Stevens family wrote,
"About Grandma White, I don't know her maiden name. I think it was something like Faricker. The Mormon church today sends out missionaries. In Grandma White's day they sent missionaries to the Isle of Man. A number of Grandma's sisters came to this country to join the Mormon colony."
I have found one sister, Ann, who did come to America and convert to the Mormon faith. Her descendant, Irene Clark, and I have been in contact and have collaborated on the Faragher genealogy. I believe the sister she came to join in Elizabeth was her sister Elizabeth who had married Robert Corris on the Isle of Man. I have combed the 1860 census for Elizabeth, Illinois, and the only person I found that could be Ellen's sister is Elizabeth "Carsis". 1860 Census (Ancestry p.625) lists Robert and Elizabeth "Carsis" born in England, Elizabeth is 36. Ellen's sister Elizabeth would have been 36 in 1860 and married Robert Corris. Robert "Carsis" is also the correct age to be Robert Corris - 35. Another bit of supporting evidence I have found is a Robert Corris listed on the 1855 property tax list for Elizabeth, Illinois. A third reason, Ellen, Elizabeth, Ann, and Jane are the 4 sisters to whom the father left only one pound in his will. Ann and Ellen were both in America when he died. If this is the correct Elizabeth, she also was living in America in 1865 when her father wrote his will. Perhaps we will find that Jane too, came to America. Why did he leave them only one pound each? Perhaps he felt they could be of no use to him in his old age. Because of these three bits of evidence I am 99% sure Elizabeth Corris is the sister Ellen came to be with in Elizabeth, Illinois in 1854.
Lizzie says Ellen lived with her sister until she married Enoch Barrett, March 14, 1857. Enoch was born on July 15, 1834, in England, the son of Michael and Annie Barrett. On the marriage certificate Ellen's name is written "Hellen Fariher." Lizzie's letter describes what happened next.
" Enoch B. was killed in October as he stood leaning on a gun, watching a game of horse shoe, when a horse shoe hit the hammer of his gun and it went off and killed him. Mother was in the kitchen helping with dinner for a crowd of men and heard the report of the gun and saw Enoch fall. She ran out and took off her apron and wrapped his head with it. And there, alone left, she struggled on until Jan. 12, 1858 when her baby Enoch was born."
We don't know where Ellen went after her husband died. Life must have been very hard for a single mother in those days. In the 1860 census Ellen and baby Enoch are living with the family of William and Eleanor Ludener. William's occupation is listed as miner. Ellen's description says, "Eleanor Barrett, age 23, seamstress, born in England." Perhaps she was trading her sewing skills for room and board for herself and little Enoch.
Ellen was on her own for five years. On April 26, 1862 she married William L. White. William had also been married before. He had married Rachel Black, a girl who had grown up very near to himself. We don't know when or how Rachel died. Adding to little Enoch, William L. and Ellen had eleven children together, including two sets of fraternal twins, and three more children that died in infancy and of whom we have no record. That made a family of 11.
William L. and Ellen had a farm in Section 35 of Apple River township, Jo Daviess County, Illinois. It was right near a huge hill called Mt. Sumner. We have a photo of the farm house. Nana never tired of painting it. It was the house where Nana (Helen) was born. Life was a hard lot for a farm woman in those days. Aunt Dorothy wrote about it in her letters.
"I don't know if many people nowadays have cisterns or not. There was one on our Illinois place. (This would be the Apple River farm.). . . My but life is much easier on womenfolk than it used to be. We don't have the big ironings they used to have to do. Grandmother White had to have every sock ironed. Everything had to be ironed. The water had to be hand pumped and carried in pails. It was necessary to boil the clothes. The bar of soap (one kind was called Octagon) had to be sliced up so as to be softened by the water. We didn't have chore girls, woven metal gadgets to get the sticky particles of food off the dishes. I've heard the practice of saving string made fun of nowadays. There were no tapes or rubber bands for quickly sealing packages. What alot of sewing and mending had to be done!"
Plus cooking everything from scratch for a family of 11 plus any hired help. Plus birthing and nursing and caring for 9+ kids. And she had time to worry if every sock was ironed?
Helen White, Ellen's granddaughter, reported that every now and then, maybe once a year, Ellen would simply disappear for two or three days. No one knew where she went, but when she returned they would welcome her back with open arms and say nothing about it. I don't doubt that she needed a vacation!
Another detail of life that Helen remembered was that Ellen gave each of her sons a bearskin coat which she bought for them.
When William and Ellen retired, about 1908, they sold their farm and moved to a new home in the town of Apple River. William died there on 24 October 1918 and Ellen died 6 September 1927 at the age of 90.
Following is a list of the bequests ordered by Ellen's will. Remember that $92 in 1927 would equal $1000 today:
Annie E, White, daughter - $1000.00; the house in Apple River, with the understanding that John K. White may live there also, as long as he likes; all household goods. Annie was also named executor.
John K. White, son - 1000.00
Enoch Barrett, son - 500.00
Phillip L. White, grandson - 100.00 (Phillip, Dorothy, & Helen; children of Ellen's son William)
Dorothy White, granddaughter - 100.00
Helen White, granddaughter - 100.00
Edith M. Phillips, granddaughter - 100.00 (Edith & Ellen; children of Ellen's daughter Lizzie)
Ellen W. Phillips, granddaughter - 100.00
Howard F. White, grandson - 100.00 (Howard & Merritt; sons of Ellen's son Tibbals)
Merritt W. White, grandson - 100.00
James Barrett, grandson - 100.00 (James, son of Ellen's son Enoch Barrett, Jr.)
Methodist Episcopal Church of Apple River - $200.00 for foreign missions and $200.00 for homeland missions
Any remaining property was to be divided equally among her five living White children, William, John, Joseph, Annie White, and Elizabeth Phillips. After all the above payments were made, $5313.80 remained. $1062.76 went to each of the 5 White children. The $100.00 for grandson Howard was turned over to the county treasurer as no one knew the whereabouts of Howard.
Besides the cloth she brought with her from the Isle of Man, we also have several pieces of furniture that once belonged to Ellen. We have an end table that her husband William made for her. We also have two rockers. One is a platform rocker, one of the first pieces of furniture Ellen ever owned. It's currently upholstered in green velvet. The other is a traditional rocking chair with spindle rungs between the arm rest and the seat. It was at one time covered with white paint and was refinished by Dianne and Jon Stevens. It now has a red velvet upholstered seat.
You may be wondering what became of Ellen's children. Here's a run down.
Enoch Barrett, Jr. - He grew up to be a farmer. He married Margaret Barningham, a girl with no hair and no eyebrows or eyelashes either. It seems strange that Ellen willed the remainder of her estate to only her White children, leaving out Enoch, though he was left $500. Enoch and Margaret had one son, James, after both were in their 40's. James never married. He lived with Aunt Annie until Aunt Lizzie moved in. He did not like Aunt Lizzie. He once told Helen, "Aunt Annie is very religious, but she lives her religion. Aunt Lizzie just talks hers." When he died in the 1960's, he owned several large farms in Jo Daviess County. His estate came to over $200,000 and was left to his cousins.
Rachel never married. She died of a stroke in 1902 at the age of 40.
William Wesley White was our ancestor. He attended Illinois Normal and became a teacher. He lived and farmed in Illinois, Virginia, New Mexico, and Missouri. More about him later.
John K. also attended Illinois Normal. He was a very religious man. His first wife, Emma, died of puerperal fever when their baby, Emma was born in 1895. The baby died too. His second wife divorced him leaving some in the family to think she must not have been quite sane. John was a schoolteacher, however, the 1920 census shows him living with his brother Tibbals in Iowa and working as a chiropractor! On the 1930 census he reports his occupation as house painter.
After John came the twins, Joseph and Annie, born in 1873. Joseph lists "instructor" as his profession on the 1910 census, at which time he was living with Mom and Dad in the village of Apple River. In 1920 he has married a woman 14 years older than himself and they are both working as missionaries in Delaware, Ohio. I cannot find him on the 1930 census, but we know he was still living when his mother died in 1927.
Annie is the one in the family we know most about (next to William Wesley, of course!) In 2002 Paul and Dianne went to Apple River to try to locate the old farm house. At the place where we thought it should be we met two old men, the Williams brothers, in their eighties. They both remembered Annie White, the school teacher. They spoke glowingly of how sweet she was and how much they had loved her. As a young girl Annie was a beautiful blonde. Her brother, William Wesley, counselled her not to marry a certain wealthy gentleman because he was not religious enough. She turned him down and never did marry. Annie taught school for many years. When her parents retired, sold the farm, and moved to town, Wesley encouraged her to quit teaching and take care of them. Annie did so and was paid $2 per week to care for them and keep house. Out of this salary she saved enough to help her niece Helen with her college expenses. When William and Ellen died, they left their home to Annie with the understanding that she would make a home for any White who was down on his luck. Annie lived there with her brother John and the two were good, industrious people. Other Whites came to visit but they seldom stayed because Annie and John were so religious. So they took in other old people who needed their help. When Annie was way up in her seventies and eighties she was painting her two story house and caring for little old ladies. Dianne and Paul Stevens have a beautiful map of the United States which Annie drew and painted when she was 18. She exhibited it in the state fair in 1890 and won a first prize. I believe Annie also played the piano. In Lizzie's letter she mentions inheriting Annie's piano. Annie lived to be almost 85. It's nice to know she is still remembered with respect and affection.
After Joseph and Annie came another set of twins in 1876, Tibbals and Lizzie. Can you imagine? Twins not yet three and Ellen has another set of twins. I'm sure the 10, 12, and 13 year olds had a lot of work to do helping her out. There were no disposable diapers then. And Ellen irons everything - including socks! Do you think she ironed the diapers?
In Ellen's will she calls him George Tibbals, but everyone always called him Tibbals. We have no idea where that name came from. Tibbals was the post master for many years at Oskaloosa, Iowa. He married Ella Francomb and they had one son, Howard. After only 12 years of marriage Ella died and Tibbals married Della Sincox. They produced another son, Merritt. Then Tibbals and Della both died in the terrible flu epidemic of 1923. Tibbals and both wives, Ella and Della, are buried in the home cemetery at Apple River. Howard, just 17(According to the 1920 census, Howard was probably 19 when his parents died), went to live with Aunt Annie and Uncle John in Apple River. A short time later he left for Chicago and was never heard from again. Merritt was a small child of 3 in 1923. He went to live with his mother's Sincox relatives. When he grew up he lived in Virginia and had 6 kids. One daughter came to visit us in about 1973 when she was studying Portugese at the University of Wisconsin.
The 1900 census shows Lizzie working as a schoolteacher. Besides the one letter we have from Lizzie about Aunt Annie's death, everything we know is from her niece Helen. Lizzie married Hayes Phillips, a minister of The Church of the Nazarene. When she became ill with TB they moved to La Lande, New Mexico. There she recovered and took in Edith, a child whose mother was dying of TB. After that she had her own daughter, Ellen. They stayed in the ministry until Uncle John and Grandma White died. Then they came to live with Annie in the big old house in Apple River, Illinois. When Annie died, Lizzie inherited most of the furniture, except for several pieces which went to Helen. Lizzie writes (White, Lizzie - letter to Helen White 31 DEC 1962):
"I had left to me the old family Bible with the family record made out by John and can be depended on. In it he had all the grandchildren's names and ages down to Ellen."
The youngest child of Ellen and William L. White, Wilbur, died at the age of 15 from meningitis.
The Williams brother who remembered Annie told us the Whites were all teachers and were all very bright. We know that Wesley and John attended college to become teachers. We know that Joseph, Annie, and Lizzie were teachers at some point in their lives. They may all have attended college, but we can't be sure. Requirements for teachers were different in those days. I have checked with Illinois Normal and they don't have records that far back. But we know the White children must have had a love of learning.
So that's the story of Ellen Faragher from the Isle of Man. She was a strong and independent woman who embarked on a long and difficult journey, becoming our immigrant ancestor. Her life was tough. She watched her young husband die accidentally and struggled through single motherhood. With her second husband she bore eleven more children, only 5 of whom outlived her. She seems to have instilled a sense of religous fervor and a love of learning in her children, sending at least two to college. With her and her husband's hard work and frugality, she was able to leave a tidy inheritance for them when she died.
Here's how we are related to Ellen Faragher. Ellen married William L. White and they had William Wesley White. William Wesley married Adie Nicklaus and they had Helen White whom we call Nana. Helen married Harold Stevens and had Paul Stevens. Paul married Dianne Zimmerman and they had Dawne Stevens. Dawne married Jason Pamplin and they had . . . Sarah, Hannah, Timmy, and Becky Pamplin! Hooray for Ellen Faragher!
[This letter tells about Aunt Annie's death and Ellen Faragher's journey to America and death of 1st husband, Enoch Barrett.]
Line 10 Dwelling # 1727 Family # 1781
Andrew White age 50 male Farmer value real est. - $1000 born Ireland
Matilda " 43 f "
William L. " 11 m Ills
Samuel D. " 9 m "
Martha J. " 8 f "
Mary " 6 f "
Ann E. " 4 f "
John Fitzpatrick 24? m " Ireland
North of Rushen to the river Neb, is the parish of Patrick, a wild mountainous region, including the northern slopes of Barrule and Slieauwhallin, and, to the west, the Dalby Mountain, with the Peel hills to the north. Between Mount Dalby and Barrule is Glen Rushen, a deep highland glen, called in its lower part Glenmaye. Through this glen flows the Glenmaye river, which forms the beautiful Glenmaye waterfall, about one mile from the sea. The district is barren, and only a small part of its area is capable of cultivation. The district north of Barrule is highly metalliferous, and several of the veins of lead are worked in Glen Rushen, and its offshoot Glen Dhoo. In Glen Rushen also are extensive slate quarries, which at one time promised to be very successful. The population is partly agricultural, fishing, and mining, and is sparsely distributed over the parish. Glenmaye is the principal village, it is much frequented by tourists on account of its beautiful scenery and waterfall. Dalby village is a small collection of houses, near the coast on the west side of Dalby Mountain. The population in 1851 was 2,925 ; and in 1871 it was 2,888. The present vicar of the parish is the Rev. William Hawley.
line 35 Webster St. dwelling & family #148
White, Helen 83 immigrated to US 1854 Naturalized 1856
Anna E 46
Francomb, Emma 57
[1920 census shows Emma Francomb, age 57, living with Ellen and Annie. Emma is an older sister of Ella Francomb who had married Ellen's son Tibbals in 1902.]
Revised: November 26, 2016